Crate openat

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Handling Files Relative to File Descriptor

Main concept here is a Dir which holds O_PATH file descriptor, you can create it with:

  • Dir::open("/some/path") – open this directory as a file descriptor
  • Dir::from_raw_fd(fd) – uses a file descriptor provided elsewhere

Note after opening file descriptors refer to same directory regardless of where it’s moved or mounted (with pivot_root or mount --move). It may also be unmounted or be out of chroot and you will still be able to access files relative to it.

Note2: The constructor Dir::cwd() is deprecated, and it’s recommended to use Dir::open(".") instead.

Most other operations are done on Dir object and are executed relative to it:

  • Dir::list_dir()
  • Dir::sub_dir()
  • Dir::read_link()
  • Dir::open_file()
  • Dir::create_file()
  • Dir::update_file()
  • Dir::create_dir()
  • Dir::symlink()
  • Dir::local_rename()

Functions that expect path relative to the directory accept both the traditional path-like objects, such as Path, PathBuf and &str, and Entry type returned from list_dir(). The latter is faster as underlying system call wants CString and we keep that in entry.

Note that if path supplied to any method of dir is absolute the Dir file descriptor is ignored.

Also while all methods of dir accept any path if you want to prevent certain symlink attacks and race condition you should only use a single-component path. I.e. open one part of a chain at a time.

Structs

A safe wrapper around directory file descriptor
Iterator over directory entries
Entry returned by iterating over DirIter iterator
A file metadata

Enums

This is a simplified file type enum that is easy to match

Traits

The purpose of this is similar to AsRef<Path> but it’s optimized for things that can be directly used as CStr (which is type passed to the underlying system call).

Functions

Create a hardlink to a file
Rename (move) a file between directories